By Janina M. Safran
Al-Andalus, the Arabic identify for the medieval Islamic kingdom in Iberia, persisted for over 750 years following the Arab and Berber conquest of Hispania in 711. whereas the preferred belief of al-Andalus is that of a land of non secular tolerance and cultural cooperation, in reality that we all know particularly little approximately how Muslims ruled Christians and Jews in al-Andalus and approximately social kin between Muslims, Christians, and Jews. In Defining obstacles in al-Andalus, Janina M. Safran takes an in depth examine the constitution and perform of Muslim political and legal-religious authority and gives a unprecedented examine intercommunal existence in Iberia through the first 3 centuries of Islamic rule.
Safran makes artistic use of a physique of proof that before has long gone mostly untapped by way of historians-the writings and critiques of Andalusi and Maghribi jurists in the course of the Umayyad dynasty. those resources allow her to carry to existence a society present process dramatic transformation. noticeable variations among conquerors and conquered and Muslims and non-Muslims turned blurred over the years by way of transculturation, intermarriage, and conversion. Safran examines abundant proof of intimate touch among participants of alternative spiritual groups and of legal-juridical lodging to enhance an issue approximately how legal-religious professionals interpreted the social agreement among the Muslim regime and the Christian and Jewish populations. supplying numerous examples of boundary-testing and negotiation and bringing judges, jurists, and their felony critiques and texts into the narrative of Andalusi historical past, Safran deepens our figuring out of the politics of Umayyad rule, makes Islamic legislations tangibly social, and renders intercommunal kinfolk vividly personal.
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Defining Boundaries in al-Andalus: Muslims, Christians, and Jews in Islamic Iberia by Janina M. Safran